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Dynamics AX7 / D3FO: Code for Excel importing

Now Dynamics AX 365 is running on Web browser so import the data in AX using Excel, CSV, text etc. has been changed. FileName, FilenameOpen extended data type is no more supported to browse the excel file.
If we compare Excel file import process between AX 2012 and Dynamics AX 365 then in AX 2012 file was importing from Client (from local system) to AX database directly but now the new AX is running on web server over the IIS so to import file in AX mean first file need to import on server and need to store in File server or SharePoint or Database. And then read the file from stored location may be from File server, SharePoint or Database.
So how we can import data in AX using Excel file? The simple way is via using Data entities and if data entity does not exist then need to create new Data entity for table and then we can import data via using the excel file or any other supported file using that Data entity.
But sometime required to import the data in AX using dialog in that case Data entities will not help, so in this blog I will describe how we can import data in Dynamics AX 365 using excel file.
In ax 2012 we have used the below classes to import data in AX via using excel file:-
SysExcelApplication application;SysExcelWorkbooks workbooks;SysExcelWorkbook workbook;SysExcelWorksheets worksheets;SysExcelWorksheet worksheet;SysExcelCells cells;
But now in Dynamics AX 365 the above classes does not exist anymore to read excel file.
So how we can import data in AX via Excel file? ,
So first step to import the excel file in AX , create a new class (TestExcelImport) and extend with RunBase and add a new button in dialog with upload caption (Same as AX 2012)
 Object Dialog()
   {
       FormBuildButtonControl buttonControl;
       DialogGroup            dlgGroup;
       FormBuildGroupControl  buttonGroup;
       dialog = super();              
       dlgGroup       = dialog.addGroup('');
       buttonGroup    = dialog.formBuildDesign().control(dlgGroup.formBuildGroup().id());
       buttonControl  = buttonGroup.addControl(FormControlType::Button, 'Upload');
       buttonControl.text("Upload file");
       buttonControl.registerOverrideMethod(methodStr(FormButtonControl, clicked),
                                        methodStr(TestExcelImport, uploadClickedEvent),
                                        this);
       return dialog;
   }
And below is the upload button click event (click event already registered in above dialog method)
private void uploadClickedEvent(FormButtonControl _formButtonControl)
   {
       FileUploadTemporaryStorageResult result = File::GetFileFromUser() as FileUploadTemporaryStorageResult;
       If (result && result.getUploadStatus())
       {
           result.getFileContentType();
           //result.
           fileUrl = result.getDownloadUrl();
           info(fileUrl);
       }
   }
FileUploadTemporaryStorageResult is the class has been introduced in AX and this class is responsible to browse and upload the file on server (On File server, SharePoint or Database). And from here store the file path (for me fileUrl) in a variable to read the file later in run method.
Now next step to read the data from uploaded excel file:-
Public  void   run()
   {
       System.Byte[] byteArray;
       System.IO.Stream     stream;
       try
       {
           stream = File::UseFileFromURL(fileUrl);
           this. readExcelData(stream);
           //info("Done"); 
       }
       catch(Exception::Error)
       {
           info(strFmt("%1 %2",Exception::Error,fileUrl));
       }
   }
File class has been used to read excel data from the url (file location from server) and will return the data in stream. Now the task is to read excel Stream data in AX.
So to read stream data of excel file Microsoft have used ExcelPackage (EPPlus ), we can manipulate the file using this package (Create excel,create new worksheet , pivot table , design ,formatting etc.). Developer can access the classes of  EPPlus using OfficeOpenXml namespace. the below classes is responsible to read the data from stream.
       OfficeOpenXml.ExcelWorksheet;
       OfficeOpenXml.ExcelPackage;
ExcelPackage class is responsible to create  excel package from stream (can be file also in place of Stream), ExcelWorksheet class where the worksheet has been copied with data. And then looping the data of rows from the excel cells.
conData container variable declared in class declaration of class. So now enjoy the excel import in AX.
Note:-Import the data via using CSV or text file still easy and we can use CommaIo or Comma7Io.


Comments

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    1. Hi Marianna,

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  2. Can you share example of periodic data import without selecting a file from dialog . Basically , my requirement is to develop periodic batch job to read files from folder and move it processing folder or error folder depending upon outcome . I have achieved this in AX 2012 . Need detailed example to perform same in D365 . I came across threads like recurring integration and logic apps but none of them mentioned detailed steps to implement this feature.

    ReplyDelete
  3. Hi Vishal,
    Do you have example code with a simple excel template that how to use OfficeOpenXml.ExcelWorksheet and OfficeOpenXml.ExcelPackage which mentioned after run()?
    Thanks,
    Raj

    + readExceldata() ?

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