Unlocking Performance: Resolving Table Locking Challenges in D365 Finance

In the fast-paced world of D365 Finance, where data processing and performance are paramount, encountering table locking issues can bring operations to a halt. Recently, I came across a challenging scenario where a critical batch process was causing table locking, resulting in system freeze and delayed operations. Determined to find a solution, I delved into the world of SQL Profiler and other tools to identify the root cause and resolve the issue. In this blog post, I will share my experiences and insights on tackling table locking and performance issues in D365 Finance.

Understanding the Challenge: The first step in addressing table locking issues is recognizing their impact on system performance. In the case I encountered, a specific batch process was holding a table under transaction scope, rendering it inaccessible to other operations. This led to table locking, delayed processing, and a system freeze. It became evident that a thorough investigation and effective resolution were necessary to restore normal system functionality.

Exploring SQL Profiler: To gain deeper insights into the locking behavior and identify the root cause, I turned to SQL Profiler, a powerful tool for monitoring and analyzing SQL Server activities. By setting up a trace and capturing relevant events and data, I was able to track the locking and blocking transactions. The SQL Profiler provided a wealth of information, including the duration, resource type, and parties involved in the locking scenarios.

a) Lock:Timeout Event:

Configure a trace in SQL Server Profiler to capture the "Lock:Timeout" event.

This event records information when a lock request times out, indicating potential blocking scenarios.

Analyze the captured data to identify the queries or transactions causing timeouts and optimize them accordingly.

b) Lock:Deadlock Chain Event:

Set up a trace with the "Lock:Deadlock Chain" event selected in SQL Server Profiler.

This event captures deadlock information, including the processes and resources involved.

Analyze the captured data to understand the root cause of deadlocks and take necessary steps to mitigate them.

c) Lock:Acquired Event:

Configure a trace in SQL Server Profiler to capture the "Lock:Acquired" event.

This event captures information when a lock is acquired by a process.

Analyze the captured data to understand the locking behavior and identify potential blocking transactions.


Analyzing Dynamic Management Views (DMVs): In addition to SQL Profiler, leveraging Dynamic Management Views (DMVs) proved instrumental in understanding the locking and blocking situations. By querying system views such as sys.dm_exec_requests, sys.dm_tran_locks, and sys.dm_os_waiting_tasks, I obtained valuable information about active sessions, locks, and waiting tasks. This deeper level of analysis enabled me to identify the specific queries and transactions causing the blocking and take appropriate remedial actions.


a) sys.dm_tran_locks:

Query the sys.dm_tran_locks DMV to view information about active locks in the database.

Retrieve details such as lock type, mode, associated session, and locked resource.

Analyze the data to identify blocking transactions and take appropriate actions.

b) sys.dm_exec_requests:

Use the sys.dm_exec_requests DMV to identify blocking transactions by checking the blocking_session_id column.

This DMV provides information about the currently executing requests, including the session ID of the blocking process.

Analyze the data to understand the blocking relationships and resolve the conflicts.

c) sys.dm_os_waiting_tasks:

Query the sys.dm_os_waiting_tasks DMV to identify tasks waiting for resources, including locks.

Retrieve details about the wait type, session ID, and associated blocking processes.

Analyze the data to pinpoint the source of blocking and take appropriate measures to alleviate it.


Utilizing Querying System Tables: Another valuable approach I employed was querying system tables to gather insights into the locking and blocking scenarios. By utilizing views like sys.dm_exec_sessions, sys.dm_tran_locks, and sys.dm_os_waiting_tasks, I obtained detailed information about active sessions, lock types, and waiting tasks. This additional layer of investigation enabled me to pinpoint the sources of contention and focus on resolving them efficiently.


SELECT session_id, wait_duration_ms, wait_type, blocking_session_id

FROM sys.dm_os_waiting_tasks

WHERE blocking_session_id <> 0



SELECT  session_id








FROM sys.dm_exec_requests

WHERE blocking_session_id <> 0



Armed with the knowledge gained from SQL Profiler, DMVs, and querying system tables, I took proactive measures to address the table locking and performance issues. This involved optimizing the batch process, revisiting transaction management, and fine-tuning database configurations. By implementing these remedial actions, the table locking was minimized, and the system performance significantly improved.

Table locking and performance issues can severely impact the smooth operation of D365 Finance. However, with the right tools and approaches, these challenges can be overcome. Through my exploration of SQL Profiler, DMVs, and querying system tables, I successfully identified and resolved a table locking issue that was causing system freeze. By adopting a systematic approach and leveraging the available tools, it is possible to ensure optimal performance and minimize disruptions caused by table locking in D365 Finance.

Stay tuned for more insights and techniques to enhance the performance and stability of D365 Finance.

No comments

Powered by Blogger.